What’s a pip in forex trading?

A new Forex trader might have heard of the terms “pips,” “points,” “pipettes,” and “lots” used around. This article will explain what pips are and show you how their values are calculated. Pip is an acronym for “price interest point” or “percentage in point.” A pip is the smallest price move adjustment that an exchange rate can have on the forex market platform. Most currency pairs are valued out to up to four decimal places. For instance, the smallest move the USD/GBP currency pair can make is $0.0001.

Working of PIP

A pip is a basic unit of forex trading. Pips measure movement in the exchange of currency rates. Since most currency pairs are associated with a maximum number of four decimal places, the smallest of changes for these pairs is 1 pip. A single pip can be calculated by dividing 1/10,000 or 0.0001 by the exchange rate. A pip is mostly the last decimal place holding of a price quote.

Examples of pip,

A Forex trader who wants to buy the USD/CAD pair would be buying U.S. dollars and simultaneously selling Canadian dollars.


Japanese yen (JPY) pairs are quoted with 2 decimal places, marking a notable exception.

For currency pairs such as the EUR/JPY and USD/JPY, the value of a pip is 1/100 divided by the exchange rate. For example, if the EUR/JPY is quoted as 132.62, one pip is 1/100 ÷ 132.62 = 0.0000754.

Fractional Pips

At the end of each price, the superscript number is the Fractional Pip, 1/10th of a pip. The fractional pip provides an even more accurate indication of price movement.


A combination of hyperinflation and devaluation of currency can push exchange amounts to the point where they become uncontrollable.

The best known historical example of this occurred in Germany when the exchange rates collapsed from the pre-World War I leveled at 4.2 marks per dollar to 4.2 trillion marks per dollar in November 1923.

Another case is the Turkish lira problem, which reached 1.6 million per dollar in 2001. It was a dire situation, and many trading systems could not work properly.

The government removed the last six zeros from the exchange rate and renamed the Turkish lira. As of January 2021 and throughout the year, the average exchange rate is more reasonable at 7.3 lira per dollar.

Frequently asked questions

What is reciprocal currency?

A reciprocal currency in the forex exchange market is a currency pair that involves the U.S. dollar (USD) without the USD serving as the base currency of the currency pair.

What Is Decimal Trading

in Forex exchange?

In this system, the price of a security pair is quoted in a decimal format, instead of the older format that uses fractions.

What Is a Quote Currency in Forex exchange?

A quote currency, is also known as “counter currency,” is the second currency to base currency in a direct and indirect currency pair.

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